### Communities

tag:snake search within a tag
user:xxxx search by author id
score:0.5 posts with 0.5+ score
"snake oil" exact phrase
created:<1w created < 1 week ago
post_type:xxxx type of post
Q&A

# Find jerk of time varying force

+1
−0

This gravitational field we move inside has some distance L after which it becomes 0.Before L it is just like any gravitational field. Suppose we move inside that gravitational field.The acceleration we experience depends on the distance from the planet. $$a\sim\frac{1}{r^2}$$

At t=to we enter the gravitational field and assuming the velocity and acceleration was 0 then:

$$x = x_{0}-\frac{1}{6}j(t-t_{0})^3$$

where j is the jerk or

$$\dot{a}\left(t\right)$$

How can we find the jerk?

Why does this post require moderator attention?
Why should this post be closed?

Can't "enter" infinite gravitational field. (4 comments)
Post Feedback (1 comment)

+3
−0

I'm assuming that what's happening is that, for $t<t_0$, there's no gravitational field, then it's mysteriously instantaneously turned on at $t=t_0$.

We can perform a Taylor expansion of $x$ around $t=t_0$ to give $$x = x_0 + \dot{x}\left(t-t_0\right) + \frac{1}{2}\ddot{x}\left(t-t_0\right)^2 + \frac{1}{6}\dddot{x}\left(t-t_0\right)^3 + \cdots.$$

Now, we say that $$\dddot{x} = j = \frac{da}{dx}\frac{dx}{dt}.$$ We know $a$ in Newtonian gravity is $$a = -\frac{Gm}{x^2},$$ giving $$\frac{da}{dx} = \frac{2Gm}{x^3}.$$

By a similar argument, we also have that $$a = \frac{dv}{dx}\frac{dx}{dt} = vv' = \frac{1}{2}\frac{d\left(v^2\right)}{dx}$$ which gives that $$v^2 = \frac{2Gm}{x} + C.$$ Assuming that at $x=x_0$, $v=0$ gives that $$v^2 = \frac{2Gm}{x} - \frac{2Gm}{x_0}.$$

This gives us our value of jerk as $$j = \frac{2Gm}{x^3}\sqrt{\frac{2Gm}{x} - \frac{2Gm}{x_0}}.$$

Why does this post require moderator attention?